conditionals or the “if clauses” : They describe the result of something that might happen or might have happened but didn’t , so they are made to use different English verb tenses.

kinds of conditionals:

The Zero Conditional: This conditional is used when the result will always happen.
(if + present simple, … present simple)

for example :
– If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
-If people eat too much, they get fat.

The First Conditional : This kind is used to talk about things which might happen in the future.
(if + present simple, … will + infinitive)
for example :
– If it rains tomorrow, we’ll go to the cinema.
– If I see her, I‘ll tell her.

The Second Conditional:
(if + past simple, … would + infinitive)
– this kind is used for two uses:

1- to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true.
for example : If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.

2- to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it’s not true.
for example : If I had his number, I would call him.

The Third Conditional: It’s used to describe a situation that didn’t happen, and to imagine the result of this situation.
(if + past perfect, … would + have + past participle)

for example :
– If I had gone to bed early, I would have caught the train.
– He would have been on time for the interview if he had left the house at nine

Published by rashaadwan

English language teacher who will help you to improve your English skills and to learn more about the language

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