conditionals or the “if clauses” : They describe the result of something that might happen or might have happened but didn’t , so they are made to use different English verb tenses.

kinds of conditionals:

The Zero Conditional: This conditional is used when the result will always happen.
(if + present simple, … present simple)

for example :
– If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
-If people eat too much, they get fat.

The First Conditional : This kind is used to talk about things which might happen in the future.
(if + present simple, … will + infinitive)
for example :
– If it rains tomorrow, we’ll go to the cinema.
– If I see her, I‘ll tell her.

The Second Conditional:
(if + past simple, … would + infinitive)
– this kind is used for two uses:

1- to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true.
for example : If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.

2- to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it’s not true.
for example : If I had his number, I would call him.


The Third Conditional: It’s used to describe a situation that didn’t happen, and to imagine the result of this situation.
(if + past perfect, … would + have + past participle)

for example :
– If I had gone to bed early, I would have caught the train.
– He would have been on time for the interview if he had left the house at nine

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