Affixes: the building blocks of English

  • what do we mean by affix????

Affix is the part of a word that occurs at the beginning of the word , or in the middle or at the end, and changes the meaning of the word.

  • Types of affixes :

1-prefixes :is the affix that we add at the beginning of the word, and it changes the meaning of the word.

Examples :

  • dis- (lack of, apart, reversal, or not) Her lack of Spanish put her at disadvantage throughout her travels.
  • non- (not) : The noise was nonstop.which means :The noise did not stop.
  • mis- (wrong) :her name is misspelled.which means: her name is spelled wrong
  • pre- (before) The salary was predetermined, which meansThe salary was determined before.
  • un- (not)His effort at work was unsatisfactory. Which means His effort was not satisfactory.
  • ex- (former, out of)
    He had a coffee meeting with his ex-business partner.
  • self- (a person’s essential being that distinguishes them from others)
    We should focus on our self development
    .

2-infixes : the affix that occures in the middle of the word, and it changes the meaning of the word. But notice that we rarely use this type in English language.

Examples:

  • -in-: mother-in-law.
  • -bloody – :fanbloodytastic.

3-suffixes : is the affix of a word that we add at the end, and changes the meaning of the it.

-Examples :

  • -dom: place or state of being, like kingdom, boredom or freedom.
  • -ion: a condition, like union, opinion.
  • -Ness : a state of being, like happiness, sadness.
  • -Or : the one who does the action, for instance, creator orsailor.
  • -less : without like, needless, helpless or feedless.
  • -ship: position held. Like partnership, membership or intership.
  • -ty: quality state. Like flexibility, reality or safety.
  • -ate : to do something like examinate, elaborate or activate.
  • -fy: to make something. For example, implify, simplify or exaplify.
  • -en: made of something. Like golden or wooden.

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Published by rashaadwan

English language teacher who will help you to improve your English skills and to learn more about the language

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