Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Writing

Adverbs of frequency

What are adverbs of frequency?

Frequency Adverbs are a type of adverb that describes the frequency of something.They are affect or qualify the meaning of a phrase by telling us how often or frequently something happens.

A frequency adverb is exactly what it sounds like: a temporal adverb. Frequency adverbs always convey how frequently something happens, whether in definite or indeterminate words. Weekly, daily, or yearly are examples of adverbs that describe definite frequency.

Sometimes, often, and rarely are examples of adverbs that describe uncertain frequency without specifying a specific time range.

Adverbs of frequency rules

These simple rules for using frequency adverbs will assist you in doing so correctly:

  • When talking about how often something happens, always utilize adverbs of frequency.
  • Adverbs of frequency are frequently used with the present simple tense to describe routine or recurrent activity.
  • If there is just one verb in a sentence, put the adverb of frequency in the middle of the sentence, after the subject but before the verb. Tom, for example, never flies. He is a regular bus rider.
  • When there are multiple verbs in a sentence, put the adverb of frequency before the main verb. For instance, they have traveled extensively over Europe.
  • When in the negative or making a question, use the adverb of frequency before the main verb. Do you, for example, regularly get up so late?

Examples of Adverbs of Frequency

Each sentence includes an example of a frequency adverb, which is italicized for easy identification.

  • Each egg is rotated once an hour in the incubator.
  • At least once a year, we take a vacation.
  • He’s always late for work.
  • We don’t see John too often.
  • My dentist advised me to floss twice a day.

List of Frequency Adverbs

Many of the most common adverbs of frequency are included in this list; however, there are many other words that can be used in this capacity.

Always

Annually

Constantly

Daily

Eventually

Ever

Frequently

Generally

Hourly

frequently

Later

Monthly

Never

Next

Nightly

Normally

Now

Occasionally

Often

Quarterly

Rarely

Regularly

Sometimes

Soon

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Listening, Reading, Speaking, Vocabulary, Writing

Top tips to learn English for beginners

It’s difficult to learn a new language, especially when you’re just getting started. If you’re a beginner English language student, consider these suggestions for improving your speaking, reading, and writing skills.

Read books

Start with easy books that are appropriate to your learning level, but don’t be afraid to work your way up to longer books with more extensive vocabulary. Young adult books like Harry Potter and The Hunger Games are good because they’re written in relatively simple language but are still entertaining for adults.Try reading part of an English novel, play, or poem aloud in order to improve your pronunciation and get yourself warmed up for English conversations

Have conversations with native speakers

Whenever feasible, practice your conversation skills with a native speaker to obtain a sense of the English language’s natural speed and inflections. If you’re speaking with a native English speaker, make it clear that you’d prefer them to correct you if you make any mistakes. This will assist you avoid making many of the frequent language and structure mistakes that beginners make.

Watch movies

The majority of English learners think this is one of the most amusing ways to develop their language skills. Choose an English-language film to watch with subtitles in your native language, or watch a film in your native language with English subtitles to see the words on the screen

Keep your dictionary on hand

It’s critical to have an English-to-nativelanguage dictionary on hand, especially when reading, because you’ll almost certainly come across vocabulary words you’ve never heard before. First, try to deduce words from context, then double-check them in your dictionary.

Try to discover one synonym (a word with the same or similar meaning) and one antonym (a word with the opposite meaning) for each new vocabulary term you learn.

practice English writing

Every day, try to write at least a paragraph about whatever is on your mind. You can write about what you did that day, your goals for the next day, the lyrics of a new song you heard, or a short narrative idea you have. Writing every day can help you become more comfortable expressing yourself in English, and writing by hand rather than typing will help you improve your spelling.

Listen to English songs

You can practice English by singing along with your favorite English-language songs if you’re musically inclined. To boost your understanding, print down the lyrics and look up any English words you don’t understand.

Make English part of your daily life

Make sure you practice English on a daily basis, regardless of the study methods you use. This is the most effective technique to improve your language skills and ensure that they stick.

Posted in Languages, Learning, Reading

10 motivational quotes encourage you to learn English language



We don’t always have experts on hand, though. If that’s the case and you need some advice to help you get motivated to learn English, turn to some of the greatest thinkers of the past with these 10 quotes to help you get motivated to learn English.

1-Today a reader, tomorrow a leader. 

– Margaret Fuller

Reading is not just important for acquiring knowledge, it will help you build your vocabulary and range in English, too.

2-The secret of getting ahead is getting started.

– Mark Twain

This one is a great way to help you stop procrastinating. Anything you can do right away will help you get ahead with your goal of learning a language.

3-If you can dream it, you can do it.

– Walt Disney

Walt Disney was well known as a man who made dreams come true, and you can, too. It just takes plenty of hard work.

4-By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.

– Benjamin Franklin

Planning is important when you are learning a language so don’t be afraid to put some time into.

5-Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try again. Fail again. Fail better.

– Samuel Beckett

Making mistakes is a natural part of the language learning process. The key is to learn from these mistakes. Don’t be afraid to try out new things in English but always remember to reflect on them and decide what was successful and what you need to keep working on.

6-Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.

– Gandhi

Enjoy living in the moment but remember that learning English will prepare you for the future.

7-Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.

– Lao Tzu

Starting early with your learning will mean that you have time to deal with things in small steps. Even a large goal is more approachable if you break it down into smaller ones and just get started.

8-Language is “the infinite use of finite means.”

– Wilhelm von Humboldt

Remember, it is possible to communicate big ideas with relatively limited language. Don’t feel like you need perfect English before you can go out and have interesting conversations with other people.

9-To have another language is to possess a second soul.

– Charlemagne

Learning a new language gives you the chance to be a different person if you want to. Make the most of that chance.

10-Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn.

– Benjamin Franklin

Very sensible advice. Now it’s time for you to get involved.

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Listening, Reading, Self improvement, Speaking, Vocabulary

IELTS missteps

Before using any study material or answering any questions, you should know the common IELTS pitfalls that may lower your band score. Most of them can be avoided, and keep them in mind when you are practicing or taking the test. So let’s take a look at these mistakes to avoid them and get a higher scores!

Grammar and spelling mistakes

Many candidates lose valuable marks on simple grammar and spelling mistakes. You can avoid these mistakes by checking answers. Check your spelling carefully. Check singular, plural and past forms before the test ends.Check out out posts on common IELTS writing mistakes, IELTS speaking mistakes and IELTS listening mistakes to learn detailed IELTS missteps in these sections. You can get higher scores once you know these missteps and keep them in mind!

Running out of time

You need to allocate your time wisely during the test. You will run out of time if you don’t pay attention to the timing. Some questions take more time to answer, so you have to leave more time for them. In reading test, questions on the last passage usually take more time to think than the others. Therefore, if you don’t know the answer to a question, just move on to the next and come back to it later. In writing test, you should finish the first task in 20 minutes. Otherwise, there won’t be enough time for you to complete the second task.

Lack of preparation

Some candidates have good English communicating skill in social situations, so they believe that they can get high scores on the IELTS even if they don’t prepare a lot. However, taking a test is different from using the language in your daily life because the IELTS tests your overall English ability in social and academic settings. You should do adequate preparation to get familiar with the test format and content.

Memorizing answers

It is a bad idea to memorize answers for the speaking and writing test. There is only a little possibility to meet questions which you have prepared. Even if you are lucky enough to receive a similar question to what you have memorized, the examiners can easily spot it by asking you more questions.

Not following instructions

If you don’t follow instructions, you will definitely lose important marks. Though it seems easy to follow instructions, some candidates are likely to ignore them. Read instructions carefully before answering questions and keep them in mind.

Posted in Languages, Learning, Literature, Reading, Self improvement, Vocabulary, Writing

Top 5 books to improve your English

Reading is one of the most important ways to practice English. It’s funny , relaxing and helps you to improve your comprehension skills and vocabulary.

To help you choose some helpful books, we’ve searched for some of novels and stories that are full of adventures and exciting characters – and better yet, they are easy to read for language learners.

So here are our top 5 books to help you practise English at home.

1. Wonder by R. J. Palacio

Wonder tells the story of August “Auggie” Pullman, a home-schooled fifth-grader living in Manhattan. He has a medical condition that has left his face disfigured. At the start of the novel, his parents decide to enrol him into a private middle school for the first time ever.

Throughout the school year, Auggie faces many challenges because of his appearance. He’s often bullied and beaten by other kids. Against all odds, the kind and courageous little boy manages to make friends.

Wonder made the New York Times bestseller list and was adapted into a hit movie starring Julia Roberts and Owen Wilson as Auggie’s parents and Jacob Tremblay as Auggie.

2.The Phantom Tollbooth by Norton Juster

Published in 1961, The Phantom Tollbooth is still one of the best books for young adults and language learners.

The novel follows Milo, a young boy who goes on a fantasy adventure after receiving a mysterious package that contains a miniature tollbooth. He drives through the tollbooth in his toy car and finds himself in magical places where he meets all kinds of strange characters.

The text is littered with puns and wordplay, which make the book even more fun – and a great opportunity for language learners to practise their skills.

3.The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon

This mystery novel – with a mysterious title – takes the reader on a journey into the mind of Christopher John Francis Boone, a 15-year-old boy who sees the world and the people around him in a different way.

Christopher finds himself in the middle of an adventure after he discovers the dead body of the neighbour’s dog, speared by a garden fork. As the story unfolds, Christopher finds out the truth about his mother. He also travels to London alone and takes an A-level maths exam, all in a frenzy of excitement and fear.

We love this book – and the English level is perfect for intermediate learners.

4. Northern Lights by Philip Pullman

Northern Lights – known as The Golden Compass in the US – is the first book in Philip Pullman’s fantasy trilogy His Dark Materials. It was published in 1995 and has since become a classic in the young-adult fantasy genre.

The novel tells the story of twelve-year-old Lyra Belacqua. She’s a brave and curious girl who lives in a world of mythical creatures and parallel universes. Like all humans in this world, she has a “daemon”, a talking spirit animal that constantly accompanies her. Together, they embark on a journey that is filled with danger and excitement.

If you’re looking for a thrilling but easy book to read in English, Northern Lights is a great place to start. You won’t be able to put it down!

5. The Old Man and the Sea – Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway is well-known for his clear, straightforward writing style and short sentence structure, which is great for English language learners and many people have read it in school.

It’s the courageous tale of a Cuban fisherman and his battle to land a giant marlin and it’s a perfect introduction to Hemingway as an author.

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Reading, Self improvement, Vocabulary

Compound words and their meanings

English has a number of words that make the language confusing for those who are just learning the language. They include homophones, homonyms, compound words, and word pairs which look and sound similar but have different meanings.

Compound words which can be one word or two can be especially confusing. Here we will look at four of these confusing word pairs; everyday vs every day, anytime vs any time, awhile vs a while, sometime vs some time, and someday vs some day.

Anytime vs Any time

This compound word is an example of how the English language has changed. A few decades ago, the accepted standard was to always write “any time” as two words. A few scholars still consider using the compound version to be lazy writing.

Anytime [any time]

is an adverb which means whenever.In almost all cases the two word version and the compound version mean the same thing and can be used interchangeably.

For example:–

  • I am available anytime if you’d like me to help with your move
  • I am available any time if you’d like me to help with your move.

“Any time” [or anytime]

can also serve as a conjunction.

– Anytime we had the chance we would go for a swim.

– Any time we had the chance we would go for a swim.

There are a few instances where any time should be two words.

When the phrase is used with a preposition like “at” two words should be used.

– I will gladly help at any time of the day or night.When you are referring to an amount of time the two word version is used.

– Do you have any time to review my test today?.

Everyday vs Every day

Like many compound words, “everyday” and “every day” are typically more confusing in spoken English than in written English since most speakers do not parse the words correctly.

Everyday

 – This is an adjective; which means “mundane”, “typical”, “ordinary”, or “standard”. The phrase “everyday routine” refers to a normal, ordinary day where nothing unusual occurred. As the English language becomes even less formal, you will occasionally hear people use the word as a noun, sort of a shorthand version of “everyday chores.”

Every day

– When written as two words it means “each day”, “every” is an adjective for “day.” One easy way of checking your usage is the replace the work “every” with the word “each” and checking that your sentence still makes sense. For example, “each day routine” is not correct whereas “each day I drink a glass of milk” does.

Someday vs Some day

Someday

– This compound word is an adverb and means “at an indefinite time in the future.”

– Someday I will invest in a new mobile phone but the old one will be ok until I do so.

Some day

– Some day is an adjective, some, and a noun, day. Some means “unknown” or “unspecified”.

When paired with day it means a single day that is unknown.– The term paper is due some day in May.

Posted in Languages, learning, Self improvement, Speaking, Vocabulary

Important phrases for a job interview

In job interviews you have to be convincing , and to show why you want this job also why you deserve it . So you need to speak confidently and to have good expressions to convince your interviewer about your personality, strengths, experience and why you want the job .

phrases to describe your personality :

  • Trustworthy: someone who you can rely on.
  • Proactive: someone who takes steps to complete tasks without supervision.
  • Committed: a person who is loyal to a project or person.

phrases to describe your strengths :

  • Speak foreign languages.
  • Communicate well.
  • The ability to multitask.
  • Perform to a deadline.
  • Solve problems.

– phrases to describe your experience :

  • I studied at the University of ……………….
  • I have five years’ experience as a waitress/in retail/as a teacher
  • I worked for ………..as a lawyer.
  • I worked in …….. for seven years and was promoted to manager in my second year.
  •  I can say my top 3 skills are: ……………….,…………. and……………….. .

– phrases to describe your goals for the future and why you want this job:

  • I feel my skills set is a perfect fit for your team and I can contribute by…
  • I believe your company is an important player in its industry
  • I’m looking to further my skills as a barista/in hospitality, as a childcare worker/in early childhood education
  • I’d love to work here because I ………….. .

phrases to thank the interviewer at the end :

  • I want you to know that I am very thankful for this.
  • It was a pleasure meeting you .
  • before I leave I want to thank you for the opportunity.
  • thank you very much for your time . I’ll be waiting for your call .
Posted in Grammar, Languages, learning, Self improvement, Vocabulary

Your best guide for the verb tenses

There are 12 main tenses in the English language, the result of the following combination of tenses and aspects:

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  • Present perfect
  • Past perfect
  • Future perfect
  • Present progressive
  • Past progressive
  • Future progressive
  • Present perfect progressive
  • Past perfect progressive
  • Future perfect progressive

The Simple Verb Tenses

To begin, let’s take a closer look at the simple present, past, and future verb tenses. 

Present

The simple present tense indicates actions that are habitual or generally true.

  • I like sushi.
  • The weather in Texas is hot.
  • When we visit Bologna, we walk under miles of porticos.

In particular, notice the use of the simple present when stating a habitual action. It would sound incorrect to say, “I eat pasta,” in response to the question, “What are you doing right now?” Instead, you would use the progressive tense: “I am eating pasta.” 

You do use the simple present to describe a routine action, though.

  • He paints portraits.
  • I eat fresh strawberries in the summer.
  • The dogs bark whenever she takes a conference call.

You also use the simple present with stative verbs , which indicate possession, senses, emotions, or states of being.

  • I love that new song.
  • That shirt belongs to me.
  • She thinks spinach is delicious.

Past 

The simple past tense indicates an action that is already complete. To form the past tense of a regular verb in English, you add the suffix “ed.” Sadly, for ESL speakers, there are a number of irregular verbs that do not follow this rule, such as felt, came, and thought.

  • I donated to the food drive yesterday.
  • He felt nauseous after riding the roller coaster.
  • Thousands of Chinese immigrants came to the United States in the nineteenth century.

Future 

The simple future tense indicates an action or state of being that will take place in the future. You form it by adding auxiliary words (such as “will,” “shall,” or “am going to”) to the main verb.

  • I am going to love my trip to Hawaii.
  • The principal shall make the announcement tomorrow.
  • He’ll bring a casserole to the potluck if you don’t have enough food. 

The Progressive Verb Tenses To describe actions that are ongoing in the past, present, or future, you apply the progressive aspect to each of the three simple tenses. The three progressive tenses can be formed by adding the correct form of the auxiliary verb “to be” to verbs ending in “ing.”

The Progressive Verb Tenses

To describe actions that are ongoing in the past, present, or future, you apply the progressive aspect to each of the three simple tenses.

Present Progressive

The present progressive tense describes an ongoing action that is happening right now. The action began in the past and will continue into the future.

  • She’s filing the divorce papers.
  • I’m checking my social media accounts.
  • The neighbor’s dog is barking loudly and enthusiastically.

Past Progressive

The past progressive tense indicates an action that was ongoing in the past. It began at some point and may continue after a second action has taken place.

  • She was talking to her friend when their biology class ended.
  • I was watering my plants when three cop cars sped down the street.
  • They were driving up the coast when it began snowing so hard they could barely see.

Future Progressive

The future progressive tense indicates an ongoing action that will take place in relation to some future event.

  • I will be coming home for the holidays.
  • She’ll be heading out the door the minute she wins the lottery.
  • We will be singing the same song, undoubtedly, when our daughter graduates from college. 

The Perfect Verb Tenses

The perfect verb tense describes an action or state of being that is finished or already completed. You form each of the three perfect tenses by adding the correct form of the auxiliary verb “to have” to the past participle of the verb. Perfect tenses can be used with dynamic or stative verbs.

Present Perfect

The present perfect tense indicates an accomplishment, experience, or action that occurred over an indefinite period of time. The action may have ended sometime before the present moment or may still be happening. The present perfect and the simple past are sometimes used interchangeably in the English language. In fact, the difference between them boils down to context.

  • I have been horseback riding.
  • The train has been delayed until future notice.
  • The English language has been transformed several times since the Anglo-Saxon invasion.

Past Perfect

The past perfect tense indicates that a past action was completed before another action took place.

  • Gwen had invested in the company just before it went bankrupt.
  • We had argued for peace, but the opposition decided to wage war.
  • I had fixed the drywall cracks before the mud storm shifted the home’s foundation again.

Future Perfect

The future perfect verb tense indicates an action that will have been completed in some future time.

  • The dogs will have been fed before we arrive home.
  • She will have been exhausted by playing with her nieces and nephews.
  • By the time we see their light, stars will have been already alive for billions of years.

The Perfect Progressive Verb Tenses

The perfect progressive tense describes an action that occurred in the past and is ongoing in relation to some past, present, or future point in time. While the perfect tense indicates a completed action, the three perfect progressive tenses describe continuous action.

Present Perfect Progressive 

The present perfect progressive tense describes an action that began in the past and is still ongoing in the present.

  • I have been watching Netflix all morning.
  • They have been trying to build their new desk.
  • The lawyers have been eager to get the testimony of a key witness.

Past Perfect Progressive

The past perfect progressive tense describes an action that was ongoing in the past but stopped before the present time, often because of another action.

  • They had been working until the pizza arrived.
  • I had been shopping for Christmas presents until I exceeded my credit limit.
  • She had been daydreaming about visiting Italy for so long that it felt strange to actually be there.

Future Perfect Progressive

The future perfect progressive tense indicates an action in the future that will be ongoing and may continue past the time of another event, though the second future event often implies the cessation of the event that is ongoing.

  • I will have been working for ten hours by the time I go to bed.
  • The legal team will have been compiling research even if the parties agree to settle.
  • She will have been eating meat for 40 years if she decides to become a vegetarian in the New Year.
Posted in Grammar, Languages, learning, Reading, Self improvement, Writing

Kinds of noun

  • What is noun

A noun is a part of speech that names a person, place, thing, idea, action or quality.

  • Kinds of nouns
  • Common noun

Nonspecific people, places, things or ideas.

Man, city, relegion etc…….

  • Proper noun

Specific people, places, things etc……

Albert Einstein, London etc……

  • Abstract noun

Something that you can not perceive with your five senses.

Belief, bride, happiness etc…..

  • Concrete noun

Something that you can perceive with your five senses.

Apple, llion, eyes, flower…….

  • Countable noun

Something that can be counted, like pencils, trees, cars etc……….

  • Uncountable noun

Something that can not be counted, like snow, rice, water, food etc……….

  • Compound noun

Made up of two or more words, like sunflower, textbook, snowball, etc…..

  • Collective noun

Refer to a group of things as one whole.

Bunch, audience, flock, group

  • Singular noun

Refer to one thing, person or idea.

Cat, ship, hero etc……

  • Plural noun

Refer to more than one thing, person or idea.

Dogs, cats, ships etc…….

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Self improvement, Speaking, Vocabulary, Writing

Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms and homophones

  • Difinitions
  1. Antonyms : are words that mean the opposite.
  2. Synonyms : are words that have the same meaning.
  3. Homonyms : are words that sound and spelled the same, but have different meanings.
  4. Homophones : are words that have the same pronunciation, but have different spelling and meaning.

  • Examples
  • Antonyms
  1. Old, Young
  2. White, Black
  3. Boy, Girl
  4. Happy, sad
  5. Left, right
  6. More, less
  7. Over, under
  8. False, true
  9. Asleep, awake
  10. Close, open

  • Synonyms
  1. Big, Large
  2. Correct, True
  3. Near, Close
  4. Above, over
  5. Below, under
  6. Cry, weep
  7. Fix, repair
  8. Hard, difficult
  9. House,home
  10. Small, little

  • Homonyms
  1. Bat (animal), Bat (baseball object)
  2. Can (be able), Can (put something in container)
  3. Ball (object), Ball (dance)

  • Homophones
  1. Meet (to see), Meat (the flesh of an animal)
  2. Weak (not strong), Week (a period of seven days)
  3. See (to watch), Sea (water)
  4. Hare, hair
  5. Flower, flour
  6. Sell, cell
  7. Bored, board
  8. Weather, whether
  9. Loan, lone
  10. Rode, road