Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Reading, Self improvement, Speaking, Vocabulary, Writing

Most common adjectives in English

  • What is an adjective?

It’s a word that modifying the meaning of a noun or the pronoun .

  • Types of adjectives :
  • Descriptive adjectives : New, old, big, little, fast, slow…

  • Possessive : my, his, our, your, their, her,his,hers, mine, its, theirs, ours…

  • Quantitative : first, second, third, few, all…

  • Interrogative: which, what, whose…

  • Demostrative : This, That, these, those…

  • Distributive : each, every, either, neither…

  • Some rules for the use of adjectives :
  • When adjectives appear after the noun or pronoun, they will be preceded by a verb, often (but not always) an auxiliary verb such as ‘are’ or ‘is’.

  • Adjectives can be used in multiple forms (The tough, long and ultimately boring paper was one I needed to pass), they can appear before or after the noun or pronoun they are describing.

  • Examples of adjectives :
  • Adjective Before the Noun :
  1. Old woman.
  2. Red coat.
  3. Cheerful man.
  • Adjective After the Noun :
  1. Sofei was old.
  2. It looks red.
  3. He seems cheerful.
  • Adjective Immediately After the Noun :
  1. someone interesting.
  2. those present.
  3. something evil.

  • Nouns Used as Adjectives

Many words that are usually nouns can function as adjectives.

  • For example:
  1. autumn colours
  2. boat race
  3. computer shop
  4. Devon cream

  • Participles Used as Adjectives : Formed from a verb , a participle is a word that can be used as an adjective.
  • For example :
  1. While the spoken word can travel faster, you can’t take it home in your hand.
  2. Always be wary of any helpful item that weighs less than its operating manual. 

  • Infinitives Used as Adjectives : An infinitive verb (e.g., “to run,” “to jump”) can also function as an adjective.
  • For example :
  1. Progress is man’s ability to complicate simplicity.
  2. No human creature can give orders to love.

  • The order of adjectives :
  1. Quantity or number
  2. Quality or opinion
  3. Size
  4. Age
  5. Shape
  6. Color
  7. Proper adjective (often nationality, other place of origin, or material)
  8. Purpose or qualifier
  • Examples :
  1. My sister adopted a beautiful big white dog.
  2. The house is green and red.
  3. An amazing new American movie. 

Posted in Languages, Learning, Reading, Self improvement, Speaking, Vocabulary, Writing

12 most misunderstood words

  • Historical

You think it means : historiac.

It means : pertaining to the past, but not necessarily important to it or a part of it.

  • Novel

You think it means : any book.

It means : a book that is a work of fiction.

  • Less

You think it means : fewer.

It means : a smaller amount of uncountable nouns.

  • Continual

You think it means : with no interruptions. But it means duration over a long period of time, not necessarily without interruptions.

  • Infamous

You think it means : famous

But it means : having extremely bad reputation ; never used in a positive manner.

  • Systematic

You think it means : systemic, pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole.

It means : involving a system, method or plan ; orderly.

  • Proscribe

You think it means : prescribe ; to order the use of something. Such as midication ; to direct or to dictate.

It means : to denounce, panish outlaw, or exile.

  • Penultimate

You think it means : above, beyond, or better than ultimate.

It means : next to last.

  • Precocious

You think it means : cautious or misbehaving .

It means: unusually advanced in development, especially mentally.

  • Alternate

You think it means : alternative.

It means : to interchange regularly.

  • Moot

You think it means : no longer open for debate; factually wrong.

It means : open for debate, an argument or discussion.

  • Nauseous

You think it means : nauseated.

But it means : to induce nausea.

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Reading, Self improvement, Speaking, Writing

What is syntax?

  • The definition of syntax :

The word “syntax” comes from the Ancient Greek for “ordering together.”

syntax refers to the set of rules that determines the arrangement of words in a sentence. It is also the set of rules that helps readers and writers make sense of sentences.

So Syntax is one of the major components of grammar . It’s the concept that enables people to know how to start a question with a question word, or that adjectives generally come before the nouns they describe , subjects often come before verbs in non-question sentences , prepositional phrases start with prepositions , helping verbs come before main verbs , and so on.

  • English Syntactic rules :
  1. a subject and a verb express a complete thought, which is called independent clause.
  2. a subject and a verb, but it does not express a complete thought, which is called a dependant clause.
  3. English word order follows the subject-verb-object sequence.
  4. A sentence containing multiple independent clauses that are improperly joined.

  • Examples :

The following sentences give examples of how syntax can change meaning of a sentence or change the emphasis in a sentence:

  • Sentence One: Your bedroom is never clean.
  • Sentence Two: Clean your bedroom never is.

The syntax in Sentence Two puts stress on the cleanliness of the room.

  • Sentence One: I had my laundry cleaned.
  • Sentence Two: I had cleaned my laundry.

The syntax changes the meaning of this sentence.

In Sentence One, there is an implication that someone else did the landry.

In Sentence Two, the speaker did the laundry.

Posted in Languages, Learning, Reading, Self improvement, Speaking, Vocabulary

Colour idioms

  • A white lie : A ‘little’ or ‘harmless’ lie told in order to be polite and avoid hurting someone’s feelings.

For example : I just wanted to get out of work so I told my boss a little white lie.

  • White elephant : something that is of no use.

For example : My dad bought a new CD player for me, but it’s a white elephant

  • White as a ghost : someone who is very pale because of pain, fear, shock or illness.

For example : I didn’t think the movie was that scary, but my friend was as white as a ghost!

  • In the black : Meaning successful or profitable.

For example : Their company has been in the black ever since the new CEO took over.

  • Blackball someone : to reject someone socially.

For example : Their hospital has been blackballed ever since that scandal was all over the newspapers.

  • Black sheep : to describe a person who is the ‘odd one out’ of a group.

For example : she has always been the black sheep in her family, she has a completely different personality to all of them.

  • Blue blood : Used to describe someone from a noble, aristocratic or wealthy family.

For example : Many of the blue bloods in our town were invited to the royal wedding.

  • Feel blue : When someone looks or feels depressed or discontented.

For example : You seem really blue. Is there something you’d like to talk about?

  • Once in a blue moon : To occur extremely rarely, or only once in a lifetime.

For example : My brother is working in Africa, he hardly ever has the time to call us. My parents only hear from him once in a blue moon.

  • Blood red : Used to describe the deep red colour of something.

For example : She was wearing a beautiful dress with blood red lipstick to match.

  • To see red : To react with uncontrollable rage against someone or something.

For example : Adam saw red when he heard someone shouting at his mother.

  • Get the green light : When someone receives, or is given, permission to go ahead with something.

For example : We have been given the green light by the Marketing Executive to go ahead with the new advertising campaign.

  • Green belt : An area of fields and trees around a town.

For example : Our city has a policy of increasing the green belt around it.

  • Pink Slip : A termination notice received from a job.

For example : They gave me my pink slip last week, so I’ve got to find a new job now.

  • In the pink of something : Meaning in very good health.

For example : My grandmother looked ever so well when I saw her, she was in the pink of condition.

  • A golden opportunity : An opportunity that may never present itself again.

For example : Think carefully about what you’re going to do, this is a golden opportunity, and you don’t want to mess it up!

  • Golden boy : a young man idolised for a great skill, usually in sport.

For example : By many of his fans, Wayne Rooney is seen as the golden boy of his football team.

Posted in Reading

How to improve your English by reading.

There are many ways to improve your language skills, and reading one of these important ways, but reading must be interesting and funny. So you should choose novels and books suit your interests and your level in English language . Below some tips to make sure that you will gain use of reading.

1-Learn new vocabulary

Original English books will contain words you do not know. Before you look them up in a dictionary, try to know what they mean based on the context of the story.

2- be sure the level of the book suits you 

If you can understand the general meaning and just look up a few new words per page, then the book is probably a good choice for you. You need to find a book that is not too difficult, but not too easy. First, try reading 2 or 3 pages. If there are more than 10 new words per page, then it may be best to choose a simpler book. Reading should not become a boring exercise.

3-Find a book that interests you 

There are many books out there, and when you start reading English literature it is important to choose one that you will really love. You can use Bookbrowse.com to read extracts (or samples) from current books and then choose which you like best.

4-Analyse the language in the book

pay attention to how the writer uses words and constructions in English. Novels use both formal and informal language and are often filled with everyday English expressions. As you read, use a pencil to highlight any unfamiliar words and write them in a notebook. When you are speaking English, try to use the words and phrases that you have read in recent books.

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