Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Writing

What are antonyms??

Antonyms are phrases that express the other meaning of a certain word. Learn the way to use antonyms in writing, in addition to the significance of antonyms and the way they assist in enhancing vocabulary.

Definition

An antonym is a phrase which means the opposite of another phrase. For example, the antonym of ‘hot’ may be ‘cold’, So the root words for the word ‘antonym’ are the words ‘anti,’ meaning ‘against’ or ‘opposite,’ and ‘onymous,’ meaning ‘name.’

Examples

Posted in Languages, Learning, Self improvement, Writing

How to write a formal letter

Today, a published letter is normally reserved for essential professional communications, including advice letters, job cover letters, resignation letters, legal correspondence, and organization communications. Since a letter is a formal mode of communication, you will need to recognize the way to write one which is professional.

Tips for writing a formal letter

  • Be clear and brief

State the cause of your formal letter withinside the first paragraph and do not veer from the subject, try to keep away from flowery language or lengthy words, and keep the letter brief and to the point.

  • Use the proper tone

The formal letter must be written in a tone that is barely extra formal than your daily language, so you must avoid the following: slang or jargon; contractions such as I’m, can’t, it’s; and indistinct phrases such as good and nice. Be well mannered and respectful, even in case you are complaining.

  • Proofreading

Proofreading is so essential, once you’ve got got written your formal letter, take a look at the grammar and spelling carefully, and use the spellchecker on your pc and then re-study the letter yourself, because the spellchecker will not capture each error, you can use a dictionary, if necessary. Check the grammar and punctuation for correctness and make certain the sentences are complete.

It is a great idea to have a person to proofread your formal letter, even after you have finished so, because it is simple to overlook errors in something you have examine many times. If this formal letter is essential enough so that you can take some time to write, do not rush its completion, because rrors will decrease the effect of the statement or affect you are attempting to make.

How to format a formal letter

Here are some formatting tips:

1- Heading

The heading includes your address , however not your name, and the date. Telephone numbers and e-mail addresses aren’t normally included here, but they’re acceptable. Using block format, the heading is going in the top left-hand corner of the page.

2- Inside address

The inside address includes the name and address of the man or woman to whom you’re writing, you must attempt to address the formal letter to a particular person, however if you do not realize his or her name, try to at the least include his or her title. This address is normally placed four lines below the heading if a word processor is used or one line under the heading if the letter is handwritten.

3- Salutation

Skip one line after the inside address and then kind the salutation. Your choice of salutation relies upon on if you recognize the meant recipient of the formal letter.

4- Body

Skip one line after the salutation and start the body of the formal letter, this is the primary part of the letter. Keep in thoughts the guidelines mentioned above regarding brevity and coherence. It is great to use short, clear, logical paragraphs to state your business.

5- Closing and Signature

This is the end of the letter, remember that you should skip one line after the last paragraph of the body of the letter and type the closing, you must know that only the first word of the closing should be capitalized. It is punctuated with a comma, leave numerous lines after the closing and print your name. Your actual handwritten signature is to be inserted between these two printed lines,and must be written in ink.

  • Here is a sample of the formal letter :

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Reading, Self improvement, Speaking, Writing

What is syntax?

  • The definition of syntax :

The word “syntax” comes from the Ancient Greek for “ordering together.”

syntax refers to the set of rules that determines the arrangement of words in a sentence. It is also the set of rules that helps readers and writers make sense of sentences.

So Syntax is one of the major components of grammar . It’s the concept that enables people to know how to start a question with a question word, or that adjectives generally come before the nouns they describe , subjects often come before verbs in non-question sentences , prepositional phrases start with prepositions , helping verbs come before main verbs , and so on.

  • English Syntactic rules :
  1. a subject and a verb express a complete thought, which is called independent clause.
  2. a subject and a verb, but it does not express a complete thought, which is called a dependant clause.
  3. English word order follows the subject-verb-object sequence.
  4. A sentence containing multiple independent clauses that are improperly joined.

  • Examples :

The following sentences give examples of how syntax can change meaning of a sentence or change the emphasis in a sentence:

  • Sentence One: Your bedroom is never clean.
  • Sentence Two: Clean your bedroom never is.

The syntax in Sentence Two puts stress on the cleanliness of the room.

  • Sentence One: I had my laundry cleaned.
  • Sentence Two: I had cleaned my laundry.

The syntax changes the meaning of this sentence.

In Sentence One, there is an implication that someone else did the landry.

In Sentence Two, the speaker did the laundry.

Posted in Languages, Learning, Literature, Reading, Self improvement, Vocabulary, Writing

Top 5 books to improve your English

Reading is one of the most important ways to practice English. It’s funny , relaxing and helps you to improve your comprehension skills and vocabulary.

To help you choose some helpful books, we’ve searched for some of novels and stories that are full of adventures and exciting characters – and better yet, they are easy to read for language learners.

So here are our top 5 books to help you practise English at home.

1. Wonder by R. J. Palacio

Wonder tells the story of August “Auggie” Pullman, a home-schooled fifth-grader living in Manhattan. He has a medical condition that has left his face disfigured. At the start of the novel, his parents decide to enrol him into a private middle school for the first time ever.

Throughout the school year, Auggie faces many challenges because of his appearance. He’s often bullied and beaten by other kids. Against all odds, the kind and courageous little boy manages to make friends.

Wonder made the New York Times bestseller list and was adapted into a hit movie starring Julia Roberts and Owen Wilson as Auggie’s parents and Jacob Tremblay as Auggie.

2.The Phantom Tollbooth by Norton Juster

Published in 1961, The Phantom Tollbooth is still one of the best books for young adults and language learners.

The novel follows Milo, a young boy who goes on a fantasy adventure after receiving a mysterious package that contains a miniature tollbooth. He drives through the tollbooth in his toy car and finds himself in magical places where he meets all kinds of strange characters.

The text is littered with puns and wordplay, which make the book even more fun – and a great opportunity for language learners to practise their skills.

3.The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon

This mystery novel – with a mysterious title – takes the reader on a journey into the mind of Christopher John Francis Boone, a 15-year-old boy who sees the world and the people around him in a different way.

Christopher finds himself in the middle of an adventure after he discovers the dead body of the neighbour’s dog, speared by a garden fork. As the story unfolds, Christopher finds out the truth about his mother. He also travels to London alone and takes an A-level maths exam, all in a frenzy of excitement and fear.

We love this book – and the English level is perfect for intermediate learners.

4. Northern Lights by Philip Pullman

Northern Lights – known as The Golden Compass in the US – is the first book in Philip Pullman’s fantasy trilogy His Dark Materials. It was published in 1995 and has since become a classic in the young-adult fantasy genre.

The novel tells the story of twelve-year-old Lyra Belacqua. She’s a brave and curious girl who lives in a world of mythical creatures and parallel universes. Like all humans in this world, she has a “daemon”, a talking spirit animal that constantly accompanies her. Together, they embark on a journey that is filled with danger and excitement.

If you’re looking for a thrilling but easy book to read in English, Northern Lights is a great place to start. You won’t be able to put it down!

5. The Old Man and the Sea – Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway is well-known for his clear, straightforward writing style and short sentence structure, which is great for English language learners and many people have read it in school.

It’s the courageous tale of a Cuban fisherman and his battle to land a giant marlin and it’s a perfect introduction to Hemingway as an author.

Posted in learning, Self improvement, Writing

How to write an A+ essay

writing an essay doesn’t have to be a challenging battle. In fact, once you understand how to write an essay, and how to take advantage of an outline, the paper will practically write itself for you!.

To help you navigate the art of writing an essay, we’ve provided a guide on how to write a perfect essay, by following easy and simple steps.

1-Pick a Topic and Start Your Research.

Before you sit down at your computer to begin typing up your essay, you must first choose a topic to tackle. Whatever you plan to write about, it is best to do your research before you start writing your essay. While you can certainly do supplemental research as you begin writing, doing the bulk of the research beforehand will help you have a clearer picture of the topic.

If your essay requires you to quote outside sources, gather books or links to reputable websites, so you will need in order to complete the assignment. Research your subject thoroughly, so you feel confident asserting your opinions, while you’re researching, think about the purpose of your essay.

2- Choose Your Thesis

The thesis of your essay is a statement of a claim that lets your reader know what your essay is about. Think of your thesis statement as the topic sentence for your whole essay. But more than just a topic, it gives your audience an idea of your stance. It’s a declarative sentence that you will refer back to throughout your paper.

For example, if you’re writing an essay about Shakespeare’s Hamlet, you might ask: Is Hamlet really insane or is he pretending? Come up with a theory that answers your question, and be sure that you can find evidence that supports your claim. Once you’ve done this, congratulations, you’ve come up with your thesis statement!

3-Write a Body Paragraphs

Many students think that they need to write the perfect introductory paragraph before they can get started on an essay, so they end up wasting a lot of time staring at a blank screen. Don’t get caught up in this trap! Dive right into your writing by inserting your thesis statement in place of your first paragraph, write the first body paragraph of your essay, and keep on going! It’s ok to jump around and leave gaps that you return to later to flush out. This way, you won’t feel the same pressure to start with perfection.

Be sure to give your paragraphs structure, so your writing is clear and stays on topic. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence. Next, give an example, usually a quote from your text or outside source, which supports your topic sentence. Explain what this example means, clarifying any ambiguous or difficult terms that your source may have used.

Finally, and perhaps most importantly, relate the example you just shared back to your thesis, so your reader understands how this example relates to the broader topic of your essay.

4- write the introduction and the conclusion

Basically, your introductory paragraph should first grab your reader’s attention, then give them a broad overview of your topic, leading to your thesis statement.

On the other hand, your conclusion paragraph should do just the opposite. Start with a reiteration of your thesis, move to a summary of what you have covered in your essay, and end with a general statement indicating the significance of your topic in the broader world in general. Go out with a bang! Just because you’re wrapping up your essay in your conclusion doesn’t mean you have to simply repeat everything you already discussed. End on a powerful note to leave your audience with a lasting impression.

5- Revise your essay

Revising your paper is a major step in our guide on how to write the perfect essay. After all, the last thing you want to do is send in a paper riddled with typos and grammatical errors.

Make it a goal to finish writing the bulk of your paper at least one day before it is due. Set your paper aside for a day before revising, so you can look over your work with fresh eyes. Print a copy of your essay and read it aloud, highlighting or making marks on any sentences, words, or phrases that don’t seem quite right.

Often, you can hear awkward phrasing, overused words, and other mistakes much more easily than you see them when you are reading silently. You will also be able to hear if you’ve written something that just doesn’t make sense.

Or if you have a friend, classmate, or private tutor who is willing to read your essay, let them give it a once over to catch any lingering errors.

Posted in Learning, Reading, Writing

How to improve your written English skills

Writing in English is typically thought to be easier than speaking in English by many language learners. Usually, this simply means that people find it easier to write correctly when it comes to grammar, but they ignore fluency and readability. These are crucial if you plan to continue your education in an English-speaking country or if you seek a career that demands English.

1)Write as if you were speaking.

Although this isn’t always the case, writing like you talk can help improve the fluidity and readability of your workThat doesn’t imply you should use a lot of slang terms and uh, eh, and er in your writing. However, consider how people speak in basic English and how natural it sounds, and strive to achieve the same effortless flow in your writing.

2) Acquire new vocabulary.

It goes without saying that expanding your vocabulary will help you write with more confidence and fluency. Create a personal dictionary if you haven’t already. Write down and translate any unfamiliar words you come across, then test yourself to see how many you can recall before utilizing them in your writing and interactions.

3)Make it a habit to write every day.

Practice makes perfect, as the saying goes. So the only way to get better at writing is to keep doing it. Even 5 or 10 minutes each day, if done consistently, will significantly enhance your written English. You may keep an English-language journal, write a blog about your experiences learning English and living in a new country, or even begin creating your social media bio.

4)read lots

You can enhance your writing skills even if you don’t write. You may improve your vocabulary and understanding of how English is used by reading as much as possible.

We don’t mean you should spend your time studying grammar and sentence clauses—just read for pleasure and you’ll pick up on things intuitively! You might begin with your favorite book’s English translation or work your way through these famous classics.

5) Make sure there are no mistakes.

When you finish writing something, the last thing you should do is carefully examine it to ensure that it makes sense and that you haven’t made any errors.

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Writing

Adverbs of frequency

What are adverbs of frequency?

Frequency Adverbs are a type of adverb that describes the frequency of something.They are affect or qualify the meaning of a phrase by telling us how often or frequently something happens.

A frequency adverb is exactly what it sounds like: a temporal adverb. Frequency adverbs always convey how frequently something happens, whether in definite or indeterminate words. Weekly, daily, or yearly are examples of adverbs that describe definite frequency.

Sometimes, often, and rarely are examples of adverbs that describe uncertain frequency without specifying a specific time range.

Adverbs of frequency rules

These simple rules for using frequency adverbs will assist you in doing so correctly:

  • When talking about how often something happens, always utilize adverbs of frequency.
  • Adverbs of frequency are frequently used with the present simple tense to describe routine or recurrent activity.
  • If there is just one verb in a sentence, put the adverb of frequency in the middle of the sentence, after the subject but before the verb. Tom, for example, never flies. He is a regular bus rider.
  • When there are multiple verbs in a sentence, put the adverb of frequency before the main verb. For instance, they have traveled extensively over Europe.
  • When in the negative or making a question, use the adverb of frequency before the main verb. Do you, for example, regularly get up so late?

Examples of Adverbs of Frequency

Each sentence includes an example of a frequency adverb, which is italicized for easy identification.

  • Each egg is rotated once an hour in the incubator.
  • At least once a year, we take a vacation.
  • He’s always late for work.
  • We don’t see John too often.
  • My dentist advised me to floss twice a day.

List of Frequency Adverbs

Many of the most common adverbs of frequency are included in this list; however, there are many other words that can be used in this capacity.

Always

Annually

Constantly

Daily

Eventually

Ever

Frequently

Generally

Hourly

frequently

Later

Monthly

Never

Next

Nightly

Normally

Now

Occasionally

Often

Quarterly

Rarely

Regularly

Sometimes

Soon

Posted in Grammar, Languages, Learning, Listening, Reading, Speaking, Vocabulary, Writing

Top tips to learn English for beginners

It’s difficult to learn a new language, especially when you’re just getting started. If you’re a beginner English language student, consider these suggestions for improving your speaking, reading, and writing skills.

Read books

Start with easy books that are appropriate to your learning level, but don’t be afraid to work your way up to longer books with more extensive vocabulary. Young adult books like Harry Potter and The Hunger Games are good because they’re written in relatively simple language but are still entertaining for adults.Try reading part of an English novel, play, or poem aloud in order to improve your pronunciation and get yourself warmed up for English conversations

Have conversations with native speakers

Whenever feasible, practice your conversation skills with a native speaker to obtain a sense of the English language’s natural speed and inflections. If you’re speaking with a native English speaker, make it clear that you’d prefer them to correct you if you make any mistakes. This will assist you avoid making many of the frequent language and structure mistakes that beginners make.

Watch movies

The majority of English learners think this is one of the most amusing ways to develop their language skills. Choose an English-language film to watch with subtitles in your native language, or watch a film in your native language with English subtitles to see the words on the screen

Keep your dictionary on hand

It’s critical to have an English-to-nativelanguage dictionary on hand, especially when reading, because you’ll almost certainly come across vocabulary words you’ve never heard before. First, try to deduce words from context, then double-check them in your dictionary.

Try to discover one synonym (a word with the same or similar meaning) and one antonym (a word with the opposite meaning) for each new vocabulary term you learn.

practice English writing

Every day, try to write at least a paragraph about whatever is on your mind. You can write about what you did that day, your goals for the next day, the lyrics of a new song you heard, or a short narrative idea you have. Writing every day can help you become more comfortable expressing yourself in English, and writing by hand rather than typing will help you improve your spelling.

Listen to English songs

You can practice English by singing along with your favorite English-language songs if you’re musically inclined. To boost your understanding, print down the lyrics and look up any English words you don’t understand.

Make English part of your daily life

Make sure you practice English on a daily basis, regardless of the study methods you use. This is the most effective technique to improve your language skills and ensure that they stick.