English Idioms you need to know in 2021

It’s very important to be updated with the trends that are going on, and to understand the daily life communicative words as well, so here are a list of idioms and salngs you need to add to your dictionary this year :

1) CEO of

something that you’re very good at, hence making you the CEO of it. This is a big one on Tiktok and is commonly a comment on what someone did in the video.

2) HANGRY

This new English word was first used by the millennial generation, and means becoming angry because you are feeling hungry.

3) To CHILLAX

This new English word is a mix of the terms “chill out” and “relax”. If you put them together we get “chillax”.

4) NO BIGGIE

This phrase is used to say that something is not a serious problem.

5) BINGE WATCHING

This is when you watch several episodes of a series in quick succession over an extended period of time.

6) Cringe

To feel embarrassed or ashamed about what someone is doing or saying.

7) Froyo

A frozen dessert made with yogurt.

8) Glamping

This idiom comes from two words which are camping and glamorous, that means camping which comes with all the modern facilities.

9) Staycation

A holiday spent involving day trips to local attractions, which basically means going out of your city just nearby to like.

10) Stan

To idealize, love obsessively, or to be a big fan of something

How to start think in English

Speaking English in your head is a great way to practice English. You don’t have to worry about saying things right or being understood by others. You can make mistakes and still understand. Also thinking in English is an excellent way to build your vocabulary with words you actually use. Here are some steps to avoid translating in your head and to start think in English.

1- Thinking in individual words

You have to think of individual words that you use daily. For instance, if you are at home you can think of these words : Door, table, chair, window, kitchen. You can practice English language by using words for everything you see, you hear or you do.

2- Thinking in complete sentence

When you used to think in English words, then you have to go to step 2 by making simple sentences. For example, when you are listening to music you can say I like this song or I am listening to classical music, or if you watch a football match you can say The score is 2-1 or this match is amazing.

3- Talking to yourself in English

you will imagine having a conversation with someone in the real life.

For example, when you go to book store. You ask the seller for a book about title, price , pay and you leave. After you leave, try to think of how you would say it if you were speaking English with the book seller. For example, How much is this book? or can I pay by credit card? . So if you do this always you will develop your ability to speak English anytime you need.

4- using the vocabulary as soon as possible

Never stop learning new words or phrases , and keep use them in your daily life and keep practice speaking by using them , or use new words in writing, because practice makes perfect, even if you make mistakes at first you will be finally think in English.

5- Using an English to English dictionary

The less you translate, the easier it will become to just think and speak in English. Every time you search for a word you will feel more comfortable thinking in English, make sure to do this in your daily life whenever possible. This includes looking up words in an English to English dictionary.

English vowels and consonants.

Sounds in English consist of two types : vowels and consonant.

What is the vowel ???

It is sound that comes out of the mouth without being stopped.

How do we pronounce the vowels???

 the tongue, the lips and the teeth do not get in the way of the mouth making a flowing sound.

The vowels letters are : (E, A, I, Y, O, U)

Examples:

Cat, bike, home, cute.

What is the consonant???

It is a sound that cut off by the mouth in some way.

How do we pronounce the consonants???

the lips, the tongue, the teeth or the back of the mouth bend and twist the air to make a specific sound.

Here are some consonants with examples:

/s/

The /s/ sound is made by putting the tip of the tongue close to the front top of the mouth (not touching it) and blowing air out.

Examples : start, sad, pass.

/z/

Like /s/, the /z/ sound is made by putting the tip of the tongue close to the front top of the mouth.

Examples : zoom, zap, buzz, zoo.

/n/

/n/ is pronounced by putting the tongue slightly above the teeth, opening your lips a bit, vibrating the vocal cords and making the air come out of the nose.

Examples : sun, nock, nun.

/ŋ/

It’s a nasal sound too like /n/, so you have to place the back of the tongue to the back of the mouth with your lips parted, force the air out of your nose and vibrate your vocal cords. It’s a difficult sound to make on its own, so try pronouncing this one as part of a word, This sound is written as the “ng”.

Examples : spring, wing, king.

/θ/

The /θ/ sound is called “theta” in English. It is created by putting the tongue between the teeth, just behind them, and blowing air out.This sound is always written as a “th”.

Examples : thin, third.

/ð/

The /ð/ sound is very similar to the /θ/ sound. It is called “eth” in English, and you can make it by putting the tongue between the teeth, blowing air out and vibrating the vocal cords.

Examples : weather, there.

/ʃ/

The /ʃ/ sound in English is made by putting the tip of your tongue close to the top of the mouth, and then blowing out. This sound is written as a “sh” or a “ss”.

Examples : shape, passion, bush.

/zh/

/zh/ is pronounced like /ʃ/, but with the vocal cords vibrating. Put the tip of your tongue close to the top of your mouth a little bit further back than the /s/ position, and then blow out with the vocal cords vibrating. This sound is always written as an “s” or a “g”.

Examples : regime, leisure.

/tʃ/

/tʃ/ is a combination of the /t/ sound and the /ʃ/ sound. Start with a /t/ sound, tapping the tip of the tongue to right above the teeth, and then do an /ʃ/ sound, placing the tongue close to the roof of the mouth slightly further back than /s/. Pronounce it quickly, and then you have /tʃ/.This sound is written as “ch” or in “tch”.

Examples : chat, check.

/dzh/

/dzh/ looks tricky, but it is actually easy, Once you can make the /tʃ/ sound, simply add in the vocal cords and you got /dzh/.This sound is written as “j” or in “dg”.

Examples : June, Judge.

Note : The best way to study English consonant sounds is to hear them clearly and then practice them a lot.

General rules for active and passive voice

  • Active : what subject does.
  • Passive : The focus is on the action.
  • Examples:
  • Active : Tony killed Ravan .
  • Passive : Ravan was killed by Tony.
  • Conclusion:
  • Active = subject + object
  • Passive = object+be+v3+by subject

  • Examples :
  • Active: he is following us.
  • Passive: we are being followed by him
  • Active : I am buying a pen .
  • Passive : A pen is being bought by me.

  • The common rule :
  • Bring the object first.
  • choose correct ‘be’ verb.
  • change the verb into participle.
  • add by + subject .
  • How the subjct and the verb change :
    Subject : I , we , you , they, He , She .
    Object : Me , Us , You , Them , Him ,Her .

  • Note: If there are two objects use any one.
  • For example :
  • She told us a story.
  • 1- we were told a story by her
  • 2- a story was told to us by her .



  • Active rule : have/has/had/is/am/are/was/were +to +v1
  • Passive rule: have/has/had/is/am/are/was/were +to be+ v3

  • For example:
    We have to learn English .
    English has to be learnt.

  • Modal auxilliary verbs: can , could , shall, should , may ,might ,will , would ,must .
    Active rule :Modals + v1
    passive rule : Modals + be + v3
    Examples :
    She can speak French.
    French can be spoken by her .

  • Modals : must have , should have , could have , might have would have .
    Active : Modals + v3
    Passive : Modals + been + v3

  • Example :
    They should have stolen my bag.
    my bag should have been stolen by them.

  • Passive voice for tenses
  • Simple present : obj + is/am/are +v3
  • Example : The poem is written by her.
  • Continuous present : obj + is/am/are+ being + v3
  • Example : Rice is being cooked by her.
  • Perfect present : Obi + have / has + been + v3
  • Example : Homework has been done by him.
  • Simple future : obj + will/shall + be+ v3
  • Example : beautiful poem will be written by her.
  • Perfect future : obj + will/shall + have been + v3
  • Example : Homework will have been done by him.

  • Note : negative sentences remain negative.
  • Example :
  • active : they have not stolen my pen.
  • Passive : My pen has not been stolen.

  • Passive voice of “yes/no” questions :
  • Active rule : did or does + subj + v1 + obj
  • Passive rule : (was/were) or (is/am /are) + obj + v3
  • Examples :
  • Can you speak English?
  • Can English be spoken by you?
  • Did you help him?
  • Was he helped by you?

Affixes: the building blocks of English

  • what do we mean by affix????

Affix is the part of a word that occurs at the beginning of the word , or in the middle or at the end, and changes the meaning of the word.

  • Types of affixes :

1-prefixes :is the affix that we add at the beginning of the word, and it changes the meaning of the word.

Examples :

  • dis- (lack of, apart, reversal, or not) Her lack of Spanish put her at disadvantage throughout her travels.
  • non- (not) : The noise was nonstop.which means :The noise did not stop.
  • mis- (wrong) :her name is misspelled.which means: her name is spelled wrong
  • pre- (before) The salary was predetermined, which meansThe salary was determined before.
  • un- (not)His effort at work was unsatisfactory. Which means His effort was not satisfactory.
  • ex- (former, out of)
    He had a coffee meeting with his ex-business partner.
  • self- (a person’s essential being that distinguishes them from others)
    We should focus on our self development
    .

2-infixes : the affix that occures in the middle of the word, and it changes the meaning of the word. But notice that we rarely use this type in English language.

Examples:

  • -in-: mother-in-law.
  • -bloody – :fanbloodytastic.

3-suffixes : is the affix of a word that we add at the end, and changes the meaning of the it.

-Examples :

  • -dom: place or state of being, like kingdom, boredom or freedom.
  • -ion: a condition, like union, opinion.
  • -Ness : a state of being, like happiness, sadness.
  • -Or : the one who does the action, for instance, creator orsailor.
  • -less : without like, needless, helpless or feedless.
  • -ship: position held. Like partnership, membership or intership.
  • -ty: quality state. Like flexibility, reality or safety.
  • -ate : to do something like examinate, elaborate or activate.
  • -fy: to make something. For example, implify, simplify or exaplify.
  • -en: made of something. Like golden or wooden.

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How to improve your English by reading.

There are many ways to improve your language skills, and reading one of these important ways, but reading must be interesting and funny. So you should choose novels and books suit your interests and your level in English language . Below some tips to make sure that you will gain use of reading.

1-Learn new vocabulary

Original English books will contain words you do not know. Before you look them up in a dictionary, try to know what they mean based on the context of the story.

2- be sure the level of the book suits you 

If you can understand the general meaning and just look up a few new words per page, then the book is probably a good choice for you. You need to find a book that is not too difficult, but not too easy. First, try reading 2 or 3 pages. If there are more than 10 new words per page, then it may be best to choose a simpler book. Reading should not become a boring exercise.

3-Find a book that interests you 

There are many books out there, and when you start reading English literature it is important to choose one that you will really love. You can use Bookbrowse.com to read extracts (or samples) from current books and then choose which you like best.

4-Analyse the language in the book

pay attention to how the writer uses words and constructions in English. Novels use both formal and informal language and are often filled with everyday English expressions. As you read, use a pencil to highlight any unfamiliar words and write them in a notebook. When you are speaking English, try to use the words and phrases that you have read in recent books.

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Different expressions to wish a happy new year.

Do you know any other ways to wish someone a Happy New Year? Have a look at these New Year Wishes:

  • May the coming year bring success to you.
  • May your wishes come true and may you have a joyous New Year.
  • May you have a Prosperous New Year.
  • Season’s greetings and best wishes for the New Year.                  
  • May the year ahead bring you good luck and happiness.

Idioms to wish someone a Happy New Year:

  • To turn over a new leaf : a new start, a fresh start.
  • To break new ground : to be an innovator, a pioneer, start a new business, to find a new path.
  • To live the life to the full : fullest — live life to the fullest.
  • To start from scratch :  to start from scratch.
  • To breathe new life into smth : to have a fresh and positive spirit.

-Expressions for a new beginning :

  • Take stock of your life : think about what is good or bad about it.
  • decide to kick a habit : stop doing a bad habit, like smoking.
  • To have a crack at : try a new hoppy.
  • Once and for all :to get rid of bad habit definitely and for ever.
  • To get the ball rolling : to start.
  • Put your heart and soul into : focus to achieving what you want to achieve. 

TV shows to learn English language

It’s important to watch TV shows to maximize your listening comprehension and vocabulary, so here are list of TV shows that help you to do better.

The Simpsons

The dialouges include a lot of cultural jokes, and the characters speak quickly, and the vocabulary of everyday life is quite interesting to listen to, especially the American slang. additionally, the speed of dialouge is good challenge.

Friends

This show is ideal to start with because the English is not hard to understand. They use vocabulary that you would use in real-life situations. If you started with subtitles you will stop using them by the last season. You will improve your English comprehension skills. You can easily find used copies for pretty cheap online.

The office

The English in The Office is quite basic and the premise of the show is very fun. The result: you find yourself easily addicted, and you learn English every day without realizing it! 201 episodes, 22 minutes make for hours of learning! All of that makes this one of the best TV shows for learning English!

Game of Thrones

Game of Thrones is the type of show that will help you build a rich and high-quality vocabulary. I would probably recommend it to intermediate level students who want to up their English level . Very sophisticated sentence structures and unusual words make Game of Thrones stand out.

Lost

Inlost tthe characters have a wide range of accents, which is great for English listening comprehension practice, you can hear the differences of the character’s English language, whether they are younge, old, American, British, Australian or Scottish. The vocabulary is varied, so each character has her or his unique way of speaking.

Conditionals

conditionals or the “if clauses” : They describe the result of something that might happen or might have happened but didn’t , so they are made to use different English verb tenses.

kinds of conditionals:

The Zero Conditional: This conditional is used when the result will always happen.
(if + present simple, … present simple)

for example :
– If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
-If people eat too much, they get fat.

The First Conditional : This kind is used to talk about things which might happen in the future.
(if + present simple, … will + infinitive)
for example :
– If it rains tomorrow, we’ll go to the cinema.
– If I see her, I‘ll tell her.

The Second Conditional:
(if + past simple, … would + infinitive)
– this kind is used for two uses:

1- to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true.
for example : If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.

2- to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it’s not true.
for example : If I had his number, I would call him.


The Third Conditional: It’s used to describe a situation that didn’t happen, and to imagine the result of this situation.
(if + past perfect, … would + have + past participle)

for example :
– If I had gone to bed early, I would have caught the train.
– He would have been on time for the interview if he had left the house at nine

How to improve your English listening skill


You can’t have a conversation with someone if you can’t understand what they’re saying. Listening is the first step to being able to have a conversation. Get good at listening, and you’ll set yourself up for being able to have successful conversations. so below some steps to improve your English listening skill.



1-use your boring Time to Listen to English

whether you drive or waiting for something or someone, if you working out or doing house chores ,you can easily practice English , especially if you upload some English materials on your phone , so you can repeat these materials many times if you have enough time , in this way you will practice listening very well and improve your English .

2- Read in English

if you feel like almost everything you listen to was not understood , that’s because you don’t have enough English vocabs , and that’s why you don’t understand most English conversations. So you should read in English to quickly learn words and phrases commonly used in conversations.


3- find a speaking partner

this can be one of the best ways to improve your English listening skill because conversations are rich with listening data, and the other person usually adapts the level of the conversation to accommodate you. so getting with others to practice listening in English is very important .



4- listen carefully and regularly

our ears need regular listening practice to stay sharp. If you listen to English every day your progress will be fast. While you are listening you need to pay attention to the new words and phrases and to the speakers accent .


5-vary your resources and have fun

so you should listen to many speakers ,especially those who have heavy accent or who speak very fast , and to enjoy your listening you have to choose podcasts and YouTube videos on the topics that are interesting for you, because listening to what you enjoy not only makes it a more fun experience but also makes your learning more effective.